Redirect My Site Using a .htaccess File?

This document will explain how to create a .htaccess file to redirect your site or site content. This will not redirect any emails for your domains.

READ ME FIRST

  • As a configuration file, .htaccess is very powerful. Even the slightest syntax error (like a missing space) can result in your content not displaying correctly or at all.
  • Since .htaccess is a hidden system file, please make sure your FTP client is configured to show hidden files. This is usually an option in the program's preferences/options.
  • This article is provided as a courtesy. Installing, configuring, and troubleshooting third-party applications is outside the scope of support provided by 4Web

INSTRUCTIONS

1. Create an empty text file using a text editor such as notepad, and save it as htaccess.txt.

NOTE:

The reason you should save the file as htaccess.txt is because many operating systems and FTP applications are unable to read or view .htaccess files by default. Once uploaded to the server you can rename the file to .htaccess.

2. Edit the contents of the file. Check the following examples:

The most common request is forwarding all HTTP to HTTPS

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R,L]

301 (Permanent) Redirect: Point an entire site to a different URL on a permanent basis. This is the most common type of redirect and is useful in most situations. In this example, we are redirecting to the "mt-example.com" domain:

# This allows you to redirect your entire website to any other domain
Redirect 301 / http://mt-example.com/

302 (Temporary) Redirect: Point an entire site to a different temporary URL. This is useful for SEO purposes when you have a temporary landing page and plan to switch back to your main landing page at a later date:

# This allows you to redirect your entire website to any other domain
Redirect 302 / http://mt-example.com/

Redirect index.html to a specific subfolder:

# This allows you to redirect index.html to a specific subfolder
Redirect /index.html http://example.com/newdirectory/

Redirect an old file to a new file path:

# Redirect old file path to new file path
Redirect /olddirectory/oldfile.html http://example.com/newdirectory/newfile.html

Redirect to a specific index page:

# Provide Specific Index Page (Set the default handler)
DirectoryIndex index.html

Here is a custom piece that you can use if you have multiple domains pointing to one domain (Using aliases) and all is going to HTTPS

RewriteEngine On
#First change everything coming in to HTTPS
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
RewriteRule .* https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]
#Second if the domain is not example.com change it to example.com.
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^example\.com$ [NC]
RewriteRule .* https://example.com%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]
##Make sure to change example.com to your domain.

3. Upload this file and re-name it to .htaccess.

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